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Thursday, February 03, 2005

Yield table: crude petroleum versus oil crops

How much oil do our Afrodiesel crops yield? And if we use this oil to make biodiesel, will our fuel be competitive with crude oil and its derivatives? The following table includes current commodity prices and will be updated frequently.

Oil crop

Max yield feedstock
(MT/ha)(1)
Base yield feedstock
(MT/ha)(2)
Max oil yield
(litres / ha)
Av oil yield
(litres / ha)

Max yield barrel equivalent (barrels/ha)

Av yield barrel equivalent

Current price US$ / MT

Current price US$/1000 litres

Current price US$/ barrel

NYMEX, light sweet crude US$/ barrel

Price diff US$/barrel

Oil Palm

28.2

18.5

6800

3600

42.7

22.6

334

278

44.2

46.48

2.23

Coconut

15.6

5.8

3100

2400

19.5

15

658

553

87.9

46.48

41.4

Soybean

3.6

2.8

480

420

3

2.6

419

352

55.9

46.48

9.4

Rapeseed

4.7

1.5

1360

1050

8.5

6.6

645

542

86.1

46.48

39.6


(1) Existing record yields for 2004 (previous years have had higher yields)
Oil Palm: Guatemala
Coconut: Peru
Soybean: Ethiopia
Rapeseed/Canola: Belgium

(2)Average yield of the largest producer
Oil Palm: Malaysia
Coconut: Indonesia
Soybean: United States
Rapeseed/Canola: China

Some freak yields for exotic oil crops (2004):
Poppy oil seed: 20 tonnes/ha in Palestine
Avocado: 30 tonnes/ha in Palestine
Walnuts: 40 tonnes/ha in Slovenia

Sources:
Yields: FAOSTAT

Oil palm/coconut prices: http://www.fosfa.org/resources/res_price_now.htm
Nymex crude:
http://www.bloomberg.com/markets/commodities/energyprices.html
Soybean prices:
http://www.bloomberg.com/markets/commodities/cfutures.html
Soybean oil US cents per pound: http://www.cbot.com/cbot/pub/page/0,3181,1272,00.html

Canola prices:
http://www.canola-council.org/markets/deodorizedoil00.html

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