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Saturday, February 05, 2005

Exotic oil crops

Minor Edible Oil Crops: http://www.fao.org/docrep/X5043E/x5043E00.htm
Nut list: http://www.fao.org/documents/show_cdr.asp?url_file=/docrep/V8929E/v8929e08.htm

Dika nut

Irvingia gabonensis
Mangue du Gabon
Duiker nut
African mango seed
Bread tree

large tree; drupe 5-6 cm long; pulp eaten, seed ground cooked to make dika bread, also source of an edible oil, dika butter, formerly considered as a substitute for cocoa butter; seed oil used for making soap


Oyster Nut
Telfairia pedata
African Pumpkin
Zanzibar Oil vine
East African Pumpkin

dioecious, woody stemmed, climbing vine; gourd large, <15>
kernel ca. 6% fat, 27% protein, rich in edible oil

Cnidoscolus oligandrus
seeds with 40-50% oil, eaten in times of drought

Allanblackia stuhlmannii
evergreen tree; seeds yield an edible fat used in cooking, as an illuminant and liniment. Seeds marketed; potential plantation crop

Allanblackia ulugurensis
evergreen tree; seeds yield an edible fat used in cooking and as an illuminant; sap produces a yellow dye. Seeds exported; potential plantation crop

Hausa or Kersting's groundnut
Macrotyloma geocarpum
West Africa; cultivated
Annual herb with geocarpic fruit; seeds eaten; mainly cultivated in West Africa; potential for further research and development

Bambara groundnut
Vigna subterranea
tropical Africa; cultivated
annual herb with geocarpic fruit; seed eaten green and raw or mature and cooked; widely cultivated


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